= begining of writing (LATIN for us)
- 200 to -100 B.C. : begining of the roman conquest
B.C. : Romans
beat ligurian and
celtic tribes and take the Volces (or Volques) Tectosages land
(Toulouse) to create,
between Provence and Spain the Roman Provincia
Braccata, because they discover there the usage of "braies",
a kind of trousers). in -118 B.C., after the conquest, Domitius
found Narbo Martius (Narbonne), main roman colony ; via domitia
links Roma to Spain skirting mediterranean sea. Provence pillage
by romans creates revolts. In -107/-106 B.C. Toulouse revolts.
From -105 to -101
B.C., Cimbers and Teutons columns,
coming from Jutland, pillage South of Gaul, to be destroyed by
Romans ; 2 attempts to conquest Aquitan (which belongs to the
undefined Armoric) by Preconinus and by Manilius. Gallic/celtiberic
oppida are created, and a deal is made between Romans (from
Narbonne) and Nitiobriges (from Agen). Gascon people, chassed
away from the South of the Pyrenees by Pompee, settle in
Lungdunum Convenarum (St Bertrand de Cominges).
-100 to -1 B.C. : Caesar's and Crassus' conquest
Caesar, on the pretext of a Helvetican
emigration threat (Helvetican who run away Arioviste's Germans)
to Aquitan, to intervene with his 30.000 legionaries.
Crassus, Caesar's young lieutenant (who will take part of the
the victorious siege of Sontiatum oppidum (Lectoure ?) and of Bigaar
close to Tartas, beats
native tribes at Sos (Lot et Garonne) in -55 B.C.; submission of
Aquitan people. The name of Aquitan, wich is distinguished by the
Romans from the other parts of Gaul, could mean either "Water
land" or more probably "Ask land"
country). At this time, Aquitan lays from Pyrenees montains to
the Garonne river. Strabon claims Aquitans people, by their body
shape and by their language,
look like Iberian
rather than other Gaul people. It seems very few
Aquitan people (except troopers, from the north of the
Garonne, under Teutomare or Teutomatus ? commandment) help
Vercingetorix for the gallic -52 revolt ; Cadurques ressist in
Uxellodunum (Puy-d'Issolud in the Lot) until -51. In the whole
Gaul, war could have done 1 Million. de victims (out of 10 M. of
inhabitants). Agrippa (Vipsanius) reduced a rebellion in Aquitan.
In -35 B.C., repression of a revolt by consul Valerius Massena
who achieve Aquitania conquest (-27 B.C.), from the Pyrenees
montains to the Garonne river. Narbonnaise is an senate
province (SPQR) since -22 B.C., wich means legion
is not necessary any
more to guarantee "pax romana".
001 to 100 A.D. : senaturs province and imperial province :
by the Romans of the large imperial or military
Aquitan province (at the expense of Celtic Gaul) wich extend
until Loire river (Bourges). In 27 A.D., Auguste confirms this
extension. Narbonne is a major sea harbour
A.D.: A rising managed by the liberal Aquitan governor,
the gallo-roman Vindex, against the Neron dictator (wich has
created new taxes) is quickly repressed. In 70 A.D., Bordeaux is
capital of the whole Aquitan. Under Trajan, roman empire is at
100 to 200 A.D. : subdivision of Aquitan
Under Adrien (117-138), division
of Aquitan in 3 parts
with Bourges, Bordeaux and Eauze for capitals.
subdivision of Aquitan, NOVEMPOPULANIE (Nine People : Tarbelles,
Vasates, Elusates, Convènes, Ausques, Consoranni,
Boiates, Illuronenses ; capital Eauze then Auch)
has not to be confused with Septimanie (the present Languedoc,
colonised by 7th legion veterans).
After 160 A.D., limes
crossed by barbarians ; under Commode, tyrannical emperor (180-192),
groups of deserters and robbers live in the Sout West.
200 to 300 A.D. : latinisation et christianisation
In 212, roman
city duty is extend to each
people of the Empire. Properous period for Aquitan ; work of the
gold and the pyreneanmarble, of the iron and the textile of
Perigor, of wheat and cheese, horses, ceramics.
Latin language and vine grow up. Christianity,
in competion with others religions, spread through Aix and
Bordeaux (St Martin on the Loire river, St Martial at Bordeaux,
St Front at Périgueux, St Saturnin at Toulouse in 250 about,
Amateur at Cahors and Rocamadour, St Orens at Auch, St
Léon at Bayonne).
In 257-258 about : Franc
raid (going to Spain through Narbonne). In
constitution of a gaulish kingdom until the north of the Garonne
in 275, iberic tribes go through Roncevaux pass
and wreck until Bordeaux.
In 276, Alamans' raid : Bordeaux
is conquested and destroyed. Towns protect by ramparts and
narrow, since rural aristocraty take refuge in its villae (like
in Montmaurin), which are fortified (beginnings of castles).
Large increase of taxes, mainly with the ploughmen. 285-287 :
Bagaudes, ruined and revolted farmers and citizens, devaste Gaul
to be finally controled by Maximien.
300 to 400 : Vienne diocese
(284-305) bring together provinces in to
dioceses ruled vicaires ; VIENNENSIS spread from Nantes to Nice. It
can be seen as the first integration of the south-west
or south of France. At the end of the
III century, or at the begining of the IV, romans withdraw of the
Pyrenees montains and set up a limes along Adour river and Gaves
(main fortress : Lapurdum = Bayonne). Borders military governors
are called duc (dux) or count (city administor). Low-Empire
period. Ausone, gallic tribun. From persecuted, christian start
to be accepted.
400 to ... : 7 Provinces dioces and end of the "pax romana"
In 382, cristianity become State religion,
temples of other religions are closed.